In South Africa Gandhiji Entered Into An Agreement With

The government, represented by Lord Irwin, decided to negotiate with Gandhi. Gandhi Irwin`s pact was signed in March 1931. The British government has agreed to the release of all political prisoners in exchange for the suspension of the civil disobedience movement. Under the pact, Gandhi was invited to London for discussions and as the exclusive representative of the Indian National Congress. The conference was a disappointment for Gandhi and the nationalists. Gandhi expected to discuss India`s independence, while the British side focused on Indian princes and Indian minorities, not a transfer of power. Lord Irwin`s successor, Lord Willingdon, took a hard line against India as an independent nation and launched a new campaign of control and submission of the nationalist movement. Gandhi was again arrested and the government tried and failed to deny his influence by isolating him completely from his supporters. [140] Immediately after his arrival in South Africa, Gandhi was discriminated against because of his colour and heritage, like all blacks. [63] He could not sit in the stagecoach with European passengers and said to sit on the ground near the driver and then get hit when he refused; Elsewhere, he was thrown into a gutter because he dared to walk near a house and, in another case, he was thrown off a train in Pietermaritzburg after refusing to leave first class. [64] [65] He sat in the station, trembling all night and wondering whether he should return to India or protest for his rights. [65] He decided to protest and get on the train the next day. [66] In another incident, the judge of a Durban court ordered Gandhi to remove his turban, which he refused.

[67] Indians have not been allowed to walk on public trails in South Africa. Gandhi was thrown into the street without warning by a policeman. Gandhi was a prolific writer. One of Gandhi`s first publications, Hind Swaraj, published in Gujarati in 1909, became the „intellectual plan“ for India`s independence. The book was translated into English the following year, with a copyright legend called „No Rights Reserved“. [384] For decades he edited several newspapers, including Harijan in Gujarati, Hindi and English; Indian opinion during his stay in South Africa and Young India, in English, and Navajivan, a monthly Gujarati, on his return to India.